Research shows that paddling children can have harmful, adverse effects on child development.
District of Columbia Municipal Regulations Title 5-E Chapter 5-E24 Section 5-E2403.2 (download linked pdf)
Maine Revised Statutes Criminal Code Title 17-A Part 1 Chapter 5 Section 106-2
House Bill 2388 and
Senate Bill 354; Statutes of Nevada Chapter 625 Section 392.4633 (page 2622)
No explicit prohibition of corporal punishment, but no reported use as of 2010
Prohibited in public, private, and charter schools
Code of Oregon Chapter 238 Section 1.9a; Oregon Revised Statutes Chapter 339 Section 250
South Dakota Codified Laws Title 13 Chapter 32-2
No explicit prohibition of corporal punishment; No report of paddling since 1990
Prohibited in public schools unless written permission has been given by the student’s parent or guardian.
Prohibited in public and approved independent schools
Senate Bill 942; Code of Virginia Title 22.1 Section 22.1-279.1
Substitute House Bill 1064; Revised Code of Washington Chapter 28A Section 150.300
Mississippi schoolchildren talk about their experience of paddling.
How youth cope with violence amongst their peers.
Does paddling improve performance and a bully free zone?
Paddling and Academic Performance: Donald Greydanus
Corporal Punishment in U.S. Public Schools: Prevalence, Disparities in Use, and Status in State and Federal Policy, 2016
Brookings Institute Report: Schools, black children, and corporal punishment. 2016
Civil Rights Data Collection, EDU.gov http://ocrdata.ed.gov/StateNationalEstimations/Estimations_2011_12
Corporal Punishment in Schools and Its Effect on Academic Success Joint HRW/ACLU Statement, 2010